Name
Photo 1
Text
Area
Location
GPS
Placed By
Date Placed
Condition
Photo Date
Status
Bacon-Fraser House

The Bacon-Fraser House

The Bacon-Fraser House was built on a 23 acre tract situated on the eastern boundary of the town of Hinesville in 1839 by Mary Jane Bacon, widow of Major John Bacon. The house has been owned and lived in by their heirs until the present time.

The architecture is "plantation plain style" and its workmanship reflects the work of the best craftsman of the day. The front and two-story section remains virtually unchanged. However, the two shed rooms and kitchen to the rear were removed and additional rooms added in 1923. The 1923 section was removed in 1979-1980 and replaced by shed rooms, porch, dining room and kitchen on the original foundation in the architectural style and interior design of the 1839 era.

A detachment of Sherman's army assaulted the plantation in December 1864, pillaging, looting and burning. The house was spared the torch, but the barn and all outbuildings were burned by the Northern troups.

Hinesville Court St 31 50.844 N, 81 35.627 W LCHS 1996      
Blue Star Memorial Highway

Blue Star Memorial Highway

A tribute to the Armed Forces that have defended the United States of America

Sponsored by the Liberty County Council of Garden Clubs and Oleander District of the Garden Club of Georgia, Inc. In cooperation with Department of the Army.

Hinesville     LC_COGC        
Bradwell Institute

Bradwell Institute

The town of Hinesville was established in 1837 and shortly thereafter, in 1841, the Hinesville Institute (or Academy) was established with Colonel James Sharpe Bradwell as its first headmaster. The first building was erected at a cost of $349.12 1/2 and stood on the Courthouse Square where Bradwell Park is now located.

Hinesville Institute was closed during the War Between the States, but was reorganized and reopened in 1871 by Captain Samuel Dowse Bradwell, C.S.A., son of James Sharpe Bradwell. The name Bradwell Institute was given the reorganized school honoring Colonel Bradwell, the first headmaster of the Hinesville Institute.

Bradwell Institute was at first a boarding school and college preparatory, offering courses in Latin, Greek, chemistry, and “other useful and practical sciences.” At the turn of the twentieth century the school became a part of the public school system and was for many years the only high school in this section of Georgia, drawing students from surrounding counties.

Hinesville     LCHS 1998      
Bradwell Park

Bradwell Park

1974

In memory of Samuel Dowse Bradwell Founder of Bradwell Institute

On this site in 1871 Built by City of Hinesville with assistance from HUD and The Liberty County Garden Clubs.

Hinesville     COH 1974      
Button Gwinnett

In this, Saint John’s Parish, (now Liberty County), lived Button Gwinnett, signer of the Declaration of Independence, member of the Continental Congress, Speaker of the Assembly, and President of the Executive Council. He also was a member of the Convention that met in Savannah in October, 1776, in which he played a prominent part in drafting the first Constitution of the State of Georgia. Born in Gloucestershire, England, in 1735, son of a Church of England vicar, Button Gwinnett came to Georgia in 1765 and acquired a store in Savannah.

He shortly purchased St. Catherines Island in this parish. He moved to the island at once and engaged in farming and cattle raising. His business was transacted in Sunbury, then a thriving port. On May 16, 1777, Mr. Gwinnett was mortally wounded in a duel fought on the outskirts of Savannah with Gen. Lachlan McIntosh, dying on May 19. Mr. Gwinnett’s grave is supposedly in Savannah, but its exact location is unknown and unmarked. One of his rare autographs sold for over $50,000.

Midway US 17 @ the Midway Church   GHS 1954 Good    
Charlton Hines House

Charlton Hines House

One of the first houses built in Hinesville after the town was established and became the county seat of Liberty County in 1837 was that of Charlton Hines, a state senator and for whom the town was named. This house, considerably altered, was built in 1837 on town lot number 33, which faced the Court House. Hines paid sixty-one dollars for this lot.

After Hines' death the house was occupied by his son and was later used as the Hines Hotel. In 1941 the house was moved from its location on Main (originally Market) Street to its present location and converted into apartments. Later it was completely remodeled and used as offices.

The house originally was much larger than it now is and had a piazza across the front. Only the central part of the original house is still standing. An interesting feature of the 1837 interior was a ceiling medallion in the parlor.

Hinesville     LCHS 1998      
City of Walthourville

City of Walthourville History

Incorporated In 1974

Walthourville, Georgia

"Organized By Women, Supported By Men"

Honoring Mayor Lyndol Anderson

The first mayor of the City of Walthourville, who was appointed by Governor Jimmy Carter in 1974. On April 10, 1974 in the presence of a few friends, Attorney J. Noel Osteen Administered the Oath of Office to the mayor. Mrs. Lyndol Anderson and Councilwomen, Mrs. Faye Booth, Mrs. Maxine Gaskin, Mrs. Carrie Kent, Mrs. Ardith Herbert, Miss Celia Davis, and to the clerk, Mrs. Molene Burke at the Walthourville Polling House in Walthourville and was officially elected in the first city election held on December 4, 1974.

The first act of Mrs. Anderson was to donate her $150-a-month salary for the betterment of the city and her all female council quickly followed her example by donating their salaries as well.

These monies helped to finance the installation of the first 40 street lights in the city. Mrs. Anderson and her council were also responsible for the purchase of the first water system for one dollar, the first city license plates, appointing the first voter registration board, organizing the first city clean up day, the first speed limit signs, and purchasing the building which presently houses the city hall and post office. Mrs. Anderson and her council were also honored on national television on the CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite in 1974 for their accomplishments.

Walthourville     COW 2007      
Colonels Island

Colonels Island

Until about 1778 this island was called Colonel’s Island because of the large number of colonels having plantations here. Major plantations included “Woodville,” “Herron’s Point,” “Maxwellton,” “Suligree,” “Maybank,” “Black Rock,” “Laws,” “Cedar Point,” “Hickory Hill,” “Dunham’s,” and “Melon Bluff.”

Rice and indigo were the principal money crops grown on Colonel’s Island during the antebellum era. During the War Between the States the island was also a source of salt, an essential ingredient in the making of gunpowder.

Long before European explorer’s reached North America Colonel’s Island was a part of the Guale Indian kingdom of the Creek Nation.

Colonels Island Ga 38 at Kings Road on Colonel's Island   LCHS 1996      
Dorchester Academy

Dorchester Academy

Formal education of blacks started with the Freedmen's Bureau in Liberty County. The Homestead School was continued with the aid of the American Missionary Association (AMA) and support of Reconstruction legislator William A. Golding. The AMA started with one acre of land and 77 students in 1870. In 1874, the Reverend Floyd Snelson succeeded Golding at the school. The AMA and Snelson built a new school and named it Dorchester Academy in honor of its Puritan lineage. In 1890, Dorchester Academy started a boarding school. By 1917, the school had eight frame buildings on 105 acres, 300 students, and become a fully accredited high school.

The academic program ceased in 1940, with the construction of a consolidated public school for black youth at Riceboro. All academic equipment plus $8,000 were transferred toward that consolidation. Since, the facilities have served the community under the title Dorchester Cooperative Center, Inc. AMA continues financial support.

Midway Hwy 84   GHS 1983      
Dorchester Academy Boy's

Dorchester Academy Boys Dormitory

In 1948 the American Missionary Association, with the assistance of the local community, expanded the dormitory into a community center, which by 1961 would become the focus for many activities associated with the Civil Rights Movement. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference sponsored Citizen Education Workshops here (1962- 1964), training over 1,000 teachers and leaders, who in turn educated over 10,000 in the basics of voter registration and non-violent social change. Dr. M.L. King, Jr. held a planning retreat here in 1962 to prepare for the 1963 Birmingham Campaign, one of the first major victories of the Civil Rights Movement.

This Georgian Revival building, built in 1934 to replace an earlier structure destroyed by fire, was once part of an extensive school campus begun in 1871 by the American Missionary Association. The school, founded to serve the educational needs of black children of Liberty County and coastal Georgia, closed in 1940 after public education became available to black children.

Midway Hwy 84   GHS 1990      
Dorchester Presbyterian Church

Dorchester Presbyterian Church

This church, built in 1854 on a lot of four acres donated by B. A. Busbee, was first used for summer services only. On January 6, 1871, it was admitted into the Savannah Presbytery as an organized church of 14 members. The Rev. J. W. Montgomery was the first pastor. L. J. Mallard was the first ruling elder. The bell, from old Sunbury, was once used for church, school, market and town. The font and communion service are from Midway Church. The font was a gift from Dr. William McWhir, the tankard from John Lambert, the communion service from Simon Monroe, Esq. Elders contributing most in later years - Preston Waite and Charles B. Jones.

Midway South 0.3 miles from Ga 38, 5.8 miles east of Midw   GHS 1957      
Dorchester Village

Dorchester Village

The village of Dorchester was settled in 1843, by families from Midway and Sunbury. It was named for the Dorchesters in England, Massachussetts and South Carolina, ancestral homes of the Midway people.

Among the early settlers of the village were: Captain Abiel Winn, Captain Cyrus Mallard, Dr. Edward J. Delegal, B.S. Busbee, W.S. Baker, Dr. Benjamin King, William Thompson, John L. Mallard, Thomas Mallard, Benjamin Allen, Dr. Troup Maxwell, William Stevens, Henry Jones and Dr. Raymond Harris.

Dorchester Village     GHC 1957      
Dr Lyman Hall

Dr. Lyman Hall

Dr. Lyman hall was a Georgia Signer of the Declaration of Independence. He represented Saint John’s Parish in the Continental Congress, and was a delegate from Georgia to the second continental congress meeting in Philadelphia.

He was a founder of Sunbury and as Governor of Georgia (1783-1784) he gave strong support to education and religion. He was instrumental in obtaining the grant of land which led to the establishment of the University of Georgia.

Born in Wallingford, Connecticut, April 12, 1724, Dr. Hall moved to Saint John’s parish where he purchased the plantation now known as Hall's Knoll. He became a leading physician, planter, patriot, and was active in mercantile and shipping circle in Sunbury.

Dr. Hall died in 1790 and was buried on his plantation at Shell Bluff Landing in Burke county. In 1848, his remains were re-interred in Augusta, beneath the granite obelisk, "The Signers' Monument."

(Daughters of the American Colonist’s Plaque)(Located on US 17 at the Midway Church, Midway, Ga.)

Midway US 17 @ The Midway Church   DAC   Faded; Needs Full Refurbishment   2017 HM Update
Elizabeth B. Moore

In 1925, Elizabeth B. Moore began her six-year tenure as Dorchester Academy's only female, African American principal. She insisted that both parents and community accept responsibility for supporting the school. She believed that charity and tuition breaks should be given only when absolutely necessary. Due to Moore's efforts, many parents began to recognize the importance of paying tuition and how it would benefit their children. Principal Moore expanded the school's curriculum to include art appreciation lessons and during her administration the music department greatly improved. She encouraged the children to take pride in their accomplishments by increasing the number of student presentations given to the public. In 1927, Moore added fifteen minutes of physical education to the children's daily routine. With the addition of a science department in 1930, Dorchester Academy achieved accreditation.

The growing success of the students under Moore's administration was so great that neighboring schools and colleges began to visit Dorchester Academy to recruit students for further education. More created the Dorchester Academy Alumni Association and revitalized the Parent-Teacher Association (PTA). Principal Elizabeth B. Moore unfortunately died suddenly and unexpectedly in 1932. She touched the lives of many students and helped them set high goals for their futures.

Midway Hwy 84   COF        
First African Baptist Church

First African Baptist Church

The First African Baptist Church, the oldest black church in Liberty County, had its origins in the North Newport Baptist Church, founded in 1809. In 1818 the North Newport Church, composed of both white and black members, purchased this site and erected a church building here which had a gallery for the slave members. In 1854 the North Newport Church moved to Walthourville, but the black members in this area continued to use the old building.

In 1861 the black members formed their own church organization and the first black pastor was the Reverend Charles Thin. On July 20, 1878 the North Newport Church sold the building to A.M. McIver for $225 for use by the First African Baptist Church.

One of the early white pastors of this church was the Reverend Josiah Spry Law to whom a cenotaph was erected here in 1854 by both blacks and whites.

Three other neighboring churches have been formed from the membership of this church: First Zion Baptist Church in 1870, First African Baptist Church of Jones in 1896, and Baconton Baptist Church in 1897.

Riceboro Ga. 119 at Barrington Ferry Rd, west of U.S. 17   LCHS 1996      
Flemington Presbyterian Church

Flemington Presbyterian Church

Organized in 1815 as the Church and Society of Gravel Hill, this was a branch of Midway Church. The Rev. Robert Quarterman was the first pastor. The first edifice was built in 1836 on land donated by Simon Fraser. This one was completed in 1852. Named Flemington in 1850 honoring William Fleming, it was separated from Midway in 1865. In 1866 it was admitted to the Georgia Presbytery with the Rev. D.B. Buttolph, pastor; W.E.W. Quarterman, Thomas Cassels, Ezra Stacy, James Laing, elders; S.A. Fraser, L.M. Cassels, deacons. Ezra Stacy was first Sunday School Superintendent. Bell and silver communion service are from Midway Church.

Flemington     GHS 1957      
Fort Morris   Sunbury              
Fort Morris Cannon   Hinesville Liberty County Historic Courthouse            
General James Screven Killed in Battle Here

General James Screven Killed in Battle Here

On November 24, 1778, General James Screven was mortally wounded in a battle fought near this spot.

With General Screven in the action were Major James Jackson, Colonel John White, Capt. Celerine Brusard and Capt. Edward Young, with 100 Continentals and 20 Mounted Miltia, against a force of 400 British Regulars, Refugees and Indians under Col. James Mark Prevost and Col. Daniel McGirth. General Screven died from his wounds the following day.

Erected 1957 by Georgia Historical Commission. (Marker Number 89-17.)

Midway Intersection of Hwy 84 and Hwy 17   GHC 1957 Needs new base and straighting 08/03/2016  
Gum Branch Baptist Church   Gumbranch Hwy 196 W   LCHS        
Hall's Knoll

"Hall's Knoll" Home of Dr. Lyman Hall

Home-site of Dr. Lyman Hall, signer of the Declaration of Independence, member of the first Continental Congress, Governor of Georgia, member of Midway Congregational Church near here, Graduate of Yale University, (1747). Born in Wallingford, Conn., April 12, 1724, Dr. Hall moved to the Puritan Colony at Dorchester, S.C. in 1757 and after those Puritans had established themselves here in Saint John's Parish in the Province of Georgia, he moved to this place and became the leading physician of his time. He died Oct. 19, 1790, and was buried on a bluff overlooking the Savannah River. In 1848 his body was re-interred in Augusta with that of George Walton, another Georgia signer of the Declaration of Independence, beneath the Singers Monument, a granite obelisk.

Saint John's Parish was later named Liberty County in commemoration of the patriotism of the Midway Colonists here, who, from the passage of the Stamp Act, became the most uncompromising champions of liberty, and, who, in advance of the remainder of the Province, took radical action by sending Dr. Lyman Hall to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia as a delegate before the Province at large could be induced to join the federation.

089-1 GEORGIA HISTORICAL COMMISSION 1954 (http://georgiainfo.galileo.usg.edu/gahistmarkers/hallsknollhistmarker.htm)

Midway US 17 North of Midway   GHC 1954 Needs to be cleaned and moved to a more stable area   2017 HM Update
Harrison Family Cemetery

Although the gravestones have been destroyed by weathering and vandalism, it is believed that about a dozen people are buried in this family cemetery. William Harrison died March 30, 1883, in the 72nd year of his age. His wife, Sarah Sylvester Smith Harrison (born c. 1819) was born in Providence, Rhode Island. On January 4, 1886, Mrs. Sarah Harrison and six surviving children, heirs at law of the late William Harrison, agreed that part of the proceeds from collectible notes and accounts should be used for the purpose of erecting stones at the grave of William Harrison, deceased, and putting up a substantial enclosure around the family cemetery.

Four of their children, William C. (born c. 1842), Nicholas F. (born c. 1844), Mary C. (born c. 1846), and Anna (born c. 1852), who apparently preceded their parents in death, may have been buried here. Their son, William L. Harrison (c.1859-1890) is probably interred here, also. William Harrison operated one of the earliest mercantile stores in Hinesville and served as Hinesville postmaster and Liberty county treasurer.

Hinesville Sherwood Dr, Hinesville, GA   LCHS 1998 Good 06/07/2015 Good
Hinesville Methodist Church

Hinesville Methodist Church

The year 1837 marked the founding of Hinesville and the establishment of the Hinesville Methodist Church. For one hundred years this was the only church in Hinesville. The first services were held in a small frame building near the Bradwell Institute on Courthouse Square. A larger structure was later erected and used until 1942 when the church built a new edifice at the corner of Main Street and Memorial Drive. In 1985 a new building was completed.

The first recorded trustees of the church were Edward Way, E.O. Andrews, John Wells, Thomas Sheppard and David Zoucks.

In 1987 the congregation celebrated one hundred and fifty years of doing the Lord's work in Hinesville.

Hinesville     LCHS 1998      
Kilpatrick and Mower at Midway Church   Midway US 17 @ The Midway Church   GHC   Good, Checked on 11/08/2016    
Lambert Plantation

Lambert Plantation

Just east of here was the 863 acre plantation of John Lambert which he purchased in 1784. John Lambert was born in South Carolina in 1716 and died at his plantation here in December 1786. He is buried in the Midway Cemetery. He never married and, having no family, left his entire estate in a perpetual trust with the stipulation that the income be applied "to the support of the gospel, for the relief of the poor and distressed, or whatever pious and good purpose may be answered." The executors sold the plantation and slaves in 1847 and invested the capital in securities. The Estate of John Lambert exists to this day, using the yearly income for "pious and good purposes."

Riceboro Hwy 17   The Executors and Trustees 1994      
Leconte Botanical Gardens   Riceboro At the intersection of Hwy 17 & Sandy R            
Liberty Armory Site

Liberty Armory Site

Returning from the Revolution, the soldiers of Liberty County re-organized themselves into a troop of cavalry, known as the Liberty Dragoons, later the Liberty Independent Troop, the oldest cavalry company in Georgia. In continuous existence since that time, this military company has participated in every war in which this country has been engaged since the Revolution. As late as 1916 the troop served as a cavalry company on the Mexican Border.

When the company went to France in World War I, it was converted to Company B, 106th Field Signal Battalion. In World War II, it became Battery B, 101st Anti-Aircraft Artillery Gun Battalion and took part in the campaign in New Guinea. During the Korean conflict the battery served at Camp Stewart, Ga., and at Camp McCoy, Wisconsin.

At this armory site have taken place some of the most brilliant and colorful tournaments and parades of the Old South.

Hinesville     GHS 1954 Poor, Needs Full Refurbishment   2017 HM Update
Liberty County

Liberty County

Liberty County, an original county, was created by the Constitution of Feb. 5, 1777 from creek Cession of May 20, 1733. It had been organized in 1758 as the Parishes of St. John, St. Andrew and St. James. The theatre of many important events during the Revolution, Liberty County was named for American Independence.

From it all of Long and McIntosh Counties were formed. Samuel Morecock was commissioned Sheriff in 1778. Wm. Barnard became Surveyor, Feb. 17, 1782. Francis Coddington in 1785 was made Clerk of Inf. and Sup. Courts of Liberty, Glynn and Camden Counties. John Lawson was sworn in as Coroner in 1790.

Hinesville     GHC 1956      
Midway Church

Midway Church

Built in 1792, replaced colonial meeting house burned by British in 1778. Sherman's cavalry camped here 1864. Midway settlement produced many of Georgia’s most famous men. (Located at Midway Church, on U.S. 17 at intersectio with Martin Rd., Midway)

Midway US 17 @ The Midway Church   ACHC 1930 Poor, Needs Full Refurbishment   2017 HM Update
Midway Congregational Church   Midway US 17 @ The Midway Church       Needs cleaning   2017; Need Midway Society Approval
Midway Museum

Midway Museum

Established by South Carolina Calvinists of English and Scottish extraction in 1752, the small settlement of Midway became “the cradle of the Revolutionary spirit in Georgia”. Two of Georgia’s three signers of the Declaration of Independence, Lyman Hall and Button Gwinnett, were sons of Midway, as were four Revolutionary Governors of the young state.

Exhibits, documents and furnishings housed in the Midway Museum commemorate and reanimate the love of liberty which distinguished the Midway Society from the Colonial period through its last meeting in December 1865.

Built in 1957, the Museum is owned and administered by the Midway Museum, Inc., organized by the Saint John’s Parish Chapter, Daughters of the American Colonists and by the Liberty County Chapter, United Daughters of the Confederacy.

Midway Hwy 17 @ The Midway Museum   DAC 1990 Poor, Needs Full Refurbishment   2017; Need DAC Approval
Nathan Brownson

Nathan Brownson

Georgia Colonial governor, trustee of the proposed University of Georgia, physician, Nathan Brownson became governor of Georgia in 1781, serving until Jan. 1782. Prior to this time Brownson served as a member of the Provencial [sic] Congress which met in Savannah July 4, 1775. He was, also, a delegate to the Continental Congress from 1776-1778 and was surgeon to a Georgia brigade.

Born in Connecticut in 1742, a graduate of Yale College, Brownson studied medicine and practiced that profession in his home state, moving to St. John’s Parish (now Liberty County), Georgia in 1764. Active in the cause of liberty, Brownson became one of the leaders in the revolutionary cause. He was one of the delegates to the state convention that ratified the U.S. Constitution in Augusta on 31 December 1787.

Nathan Brownson died in Liberty County October 18, 1796, being best remembered as governor and as one of the founders of the University of Georgia.

Midway US 17 @ The Midway Church   DAC 1992 Excellent    
New Life For Dorchester Academy 1932-1940   Midway Hwy 84 @ Dorchester Academy   COF        
Old Liberty County Jail   Hinesville S. Main St. 1 Block South of the Courthouse   LCHS 1998      
Old Post Road

Old Post Road

This road on the right was established in 1736 by Gen. James Oglethorpe. First postal route south of Savannah Stage Coach Road and line of march of Revolutionary Soldiers.

Riceboro     SJP_DAC March 3, 1950      
Old Sunbury Road

Old Sunbury Road

The highway entering here is the Sunbury Road which once served as an arterial vehicular route from the interior of Georgia to the Town of Sunbury, a former leading port and educational center, located 11 miles to the eastward on the Midway River. The stretch from this area to Sunbury was opened about 1760. In the early 1790's the thoroughfare was extended to Greensboro via Swainsboro and Sparta. The route declined in importance when Sunbury lost commercial significance.

Midway US 17 @ The Midway Church   GHS 1956 Poor, Needs Full Refurbishment   2017 HM Updates
Pleasant Grove AME Church

Pleasant Grove African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church and Camp Meeting

Pleasant Grove AME Church was organized June 29, 1869 at Taylors Creek, GA. Rev. Piner Martin was the first pastor. The first church, a small frame house, was named AME Church of the USA. Sixteen acres of land were later purchased to build a larger church named Pleasant Grove. Trustees were Sa Frasier, Syrus Smiley, Sam Martin and Sol Smith.

The U.S. Government purchased the original church site to establish Camp Stewart in 1941. In 1943 a new church was built on Highway 38 in Allenhurst, GA. Rev. Garfield Jackson was pastor. R.W. Bacon, J.F. Slater, W.A. Frasier, I.S. Frasier comprised the Building Committee.

The Pleasant Grove Camp Meeting is recognized as the sole event reuniting African American families of the Taylors Creek, Wille, Cypress Slash, Strum Bay and other disbanded communities. For those former residents Camp Meeting is the "tie that binds."

Erected in 2003 by The Liberty County Historical Society

(Located at 1450 Oglethorpe Hwy West (US 84) in Hinesville, 31.794617, -81.607367)

Hinesville 1450 Oglethorpe Hwy W (US 84)   LCHS 2003      
Riceborough

Riceborough

Near the old North Newport Bridge, a short distance East of here, the Court House Square for Liberty County was laid out by Act of February 1, 1797. Riceborough was then the Seat of justice for Liberty County, and a Court House and Public Buildings were erected here on land given by Matthew McAllister, Esq. Thomas Stevens, Daniel Stewart, Joel Walker and Henry Wood were named Commissioners.

Riceborough was for many years an important port for the shipping of rice and other agricultural products from this area.

Riceboro     GHC 1957      
Road to Sunbury

Road to Sunbury 1734

Important Colonial port of entry.  First Masonic Lodge meeting in Georgia believed held here February, 1734, with Oglethorpe as Master.

Midway US 17 @ The Midway Church   ACH   Poor, Needs Full Refurbishment   2017 HM Updates
Saint John's Lodge Number Six

Saint John's lodge Number Six

Saint John's Lodge Number Six, of Sunbury, Free and accepted Masons, was chartered by the Grand Lodge of Georgia, April 21, 1777, in Masonry 5777. Under an Act of the Legislature of Georgia, February 6, 1796, The Grand Lodge was incorporated and given power to corporate bodies under their jurisdiction. Under this new authority, the Grand Lodge, on June 5, 1802, "On motion ordered that Saint John's Lodge Number Six, Sunbury hold their charter on paying arrearage due."

Annual returns were made to the Grand Lodge back to 1787 and the Lodge was admitted to full participation with the following officers recognized: Adam Alexander, Worshipful Master; William Peacock, Senior Warden; Andrew Maybank, Junior Warden; Thomas Lancaster, Treasurer; Daniel Stewart, Secretary; Nathan Dryer, Senior Deacon; John Bilheimer, Junior Deacon; James Roberts, Steward; Samuel Law, Steward; and George C. Somerall, Tyler.

On November 4, 1805, John and Rebecca Couper gave to the Lodge, lot No. 77 of the Town of Sunbury, situate a few hundred feet north of this marker, upon which to erect a Lodge building. Erected by the Grand Lodge of Georgia Harvey C. Stephens, Grand Master -- Daniel W. Locklin, Grand Secretary Dewey W. Wollstein, Chairman, Historical Commission

Sunbury Sunbury Historic Site   GLOG   Center has turned reddish    
Savannah New Inverness Road

Savannah New Inveress Road 1736

This highway follows an old colonial road constructed in 1736 as a measure of defense against the Spanish and Spanish Indians by connecting the fighting Scotch Highlanders at New Inverness (now Darien) with Savannah. It was surveyed and cleared by soldiers and Indians furnished by Tomo-chi-chi under the direction of Capt. Hugh MacKay by order of Gen. James Oglethorpe. The road was traveled by such famous Georgians as Button Gwinnett, Dr. Lyman Hall, and John and Joseph LeConte.

Midway US 17 @ The Midway Cemetery   USWPA   Poor, Needs Full Refurbishment   2017 HM Updates
Simon Munro

Simon Munro

Simon Munro In the family cemetery on this plantation, Westfield, Simon Munro, donor of the silver communion service used for many years in old Midway Congregational Church, is buried. Early in the Revolutionary War, Simon Munro, a resident of St. John's Parish, was banished from the State of Georgia, and forbidden to set foot within its border, because of his Tory activities. After repeated petitions from his friends and neighbors, the banishment was lifted and he was allowed to return to his home and family.

GHM 089-23 Georgia Historical Commission 1958

Riceboro Shell and Briar Bay Rd   GHS 1958      
Skirmish at Hinesville

Skirmish at Hinesville

Hinesville Hwy 84 W @ Ryon Ave   GHC        
Skirmish in Bulltown Swamp

Skirmish in Bulltown Swamp

In November of 1778, Lieut. Col. James Mark Prevost, with 100 British Regulars, and 300 Refugees and Indians under McGirth, crossed the Altamaha River and moved into Georgia, killing or taking prisoner all men they found, and ravaging the plantations. Continental troops and Militia marched against them. Near this spot, where the old Savannah to Darien road crossed Bulltown Swamp, a small detachment of Mounted Militia, Col. John Baker commanding, met and fought a delaying action with the invaders. Colonel Baker, Captain Cooper and William Goulding were wounded.

Riceboro Hwy 17 South, Near I-95 Interchange   GHC 1957 Re-positioned in July 2016, by GHS and LCHS   Good, July 2016
Sunbury

Sunbury

Many famous persons lived in the town of Sunbury. Among them was Dr. Lyman Hall, signer of the Declaration of Independence. It was also the home of Richard Howley and Nathan Brownson, later governors of Georgia; of John Elliott and Alfred Cuthbert, United States Senators; of Major John Jones and Major Lachlan McIntosh. Button Gwinnett, another signer of the Declaration of Independence, spent much time here as a Justice of St. John's Parish, and Georgia's third signer, George Walton, was among those held in Sunbury as a prisoner of the British during the Revolution. Maria J. McIntosh, noted authoress and her brother, Commodore James McKay McIntosh, hero of the Mexican War, were born in Sunbury. The Hon. John E. Ward, first United States Minister to China, and the Hon. William Law, noted Jurist, were also natives of Sunbury

Sunbury Sunbury Historic Site     1957      
Sunbury and Fort Morris   Midway The intersection of US 17 & Hwy 84 1     Poor, Needs Full Refurbishment 08/03/2016 2017 HM Updates
Sunbury Cemetery

Sunbury Cemetery

In this cemetery are buried men and women whose lives contributed much to the early history of Georgia. Among these were the Rev. Wm. McWhir, D.D., and his wife. the Rev. Mr. McWhir was for 30 years the Principal of the famous Sunbury Academy. Born in Ireland, September 9, 1759, he was graduated from Belfast College and was licensed to preach by the presbytery of that City. He died in Georgia, January 30, 1851. Some burials were made in this plot in Colonial and Revolutionary Days, but most of the markers had been destroyed before the 1870s.

089-20

Sunbury Sunbury Historic Site   GHS 1957   08/03/2016  
Taylors Creek Methodist Church   Old Fort Stewart              
The Dead Town Of Sunbury

As General James Oglethorpe explored this area along the Medway River in 1734, he marveled at its potential for a seaport city. Captain Mark Carr was a member of Oglethorpe's regiment and an early settler in this area of Georgia. As trade increased in early colonial Georgia, Captain Carr petitioned for a land grant to bring Oglethorpe's idea into reality. He was allotted 500 acres from the King of England. Using this land, Carr established the town of Sunbury in 1758. Carr was an early developer. He laid out lots and public squares here on the Medway River in St. John's Parish. He hoped to sell these lots for a profit.

The Growth of a Town
Sunbury started as a seaport for the settlement of Medway, which lay 10 miles inland, and for surrounding farms and plantations in the parish. As migration to the town increased, Sunbury's port rivaled Savannah's trade market and became the second - largest shipping port in colonial Georgia. In fact, Sunbury was the second - largest town in Georgia just before the Revolution, with a population of approximately 1,000.

The Beginning of the End
The Revolutionary War ruined the prosperous town of Sunbury. By 1778, the British occupied much of coastal Georgia, including Savannah, but not Sunbury. The colonial forces fought off a British attack by sea in November 1778, using cannon fire on the British ships. A second British fleet attack on Sunbury was successful. The British occupied the town for three years and left it in shambles. Sunbury never recovered from the effects of war. Sunbury, like other Southern cities and towns, saw many deaths from Yellow Fever in 1700s, and suffered more troubles when two hurricanes struck in 1804 and 1824. By the middle of the 1800s, Sunbury had become nearly a ghost town.

 

Sunbury     DAC        
The Famous Sunbury Masonic Oak   Sunbury              
The Rev Mr John Osgood   Midway         The original HM was broken and was replaced in 2016 by the GHS & the LCHS   New 2016
The Sunbury Cemetary Marker

The Sunbury Cemetery Marker

Site Of Sunbury Cemetery In The Town Of Sunbury Founded 1758

Marker Erected By Georgia Society Daughters Of The American Colonists 1951

Sunbury Sunbury Historic Site   DAC 1951      
The Sunbury Cemetery   Sunbury Sunbury Historic Site   DAC        
Union Brotherhood Society

Union Brotherhood Society

William McKinley Walthour, Sr., founded the Union Brotherhood Society or "The Society" in March 1932 to help provide for the proper burial of Negro citizens. During this period of segregation and Jim Crow Laws, Negroes were uninsured and had to use homemade pine boxes to bury their loved ones. The organization collected dues of ten and twenty-five cents monthly from its members; enabling them to have death and health benefits. The Society with 34 members still exists in 2006 with death benefits of $140.00 and sickness benefits of $10.00.

At funerals, the Society members dressed in black and white, wore badges and greeted each other as Brother and Sister. Anniversary celebrations, known as the "Society Turning Out," had a worship program followed by fellowship, fun and games. The founding members were: William Walthour, Sr., Frank Baker, Willie Stevens, Joe Bowers, Wilhelmina Walthour, Beatrice Bowers, Gus Williams, Priscilla Maxwell, Rose Bell Roberts, Ben Maxwell, Sarah Jane Walthour, Joe Walthour, George Walthour Sr., William Brown, Rev. R.W. Monroe and Janie Stevens.

Less than an acre of land was purchased and a building, structured similar to an old T-shaped church, was built by The Society members for their meetings and gatherings at this location in 1932. This monument is a tribute to their unity, vision and community concern.

Midway Holmestown Road   LCHS 2007      
Walthourville Baptist Church

Walthourville Baptist Church

Founded in 1806, the North Newport Baptist Church has had several homes over the years. In 1923, the Church moved to this location and in 1952 the Church voted and renamed the church Walthourville Baptist Church.

The original Church did not have a building of its own, so it shared facilities with the Sunbury Baptist Church. In 1864 the church building was burnt by Gen. Sherman's army as a signal for gunboats anchored in the channel. Before the building was burnt, the original Bible of the North Newport church was saved by members of the church.

The present sanctuary was built in 1923. This building has two unique features; solid brick walls and a theater style floor made of heart pine. In 2000 the original tray ceiling and pine floor were restored.

Walthourville     LCHS 2003      
William Bartram Trail

William Bartram Trail

Traced 1773-1777

In 1773 William Bartram, here viewed Woodmanston Plantation, later the home of his friend, Naturalist John E. LeConte.

Riceboro Barrington Ferry Rd., South of Sandy Run Rd, South of Riceboro   Oleander Dist in Coop with the Garden Club of GA   Unknown, Missing   Missing
Woodmanston Plantation

Woodmanston Plantation

Established in 1760 by William and John Eatton LeConte, Woodmanston became one of Georgia's earliest inland swamp rice plantations. In spite of Indian attacks and marauding armies during the Revolution, Woodmanston prospered. In 1810 control of Woodmanston passed to Louis LeConte, John Eatton's son. Louis spent much of his time creating a botanical garden which became world famous for its collection of bulbs and camellias. Louis died in 1838 and his garden was eventually lost. Two of Louis LeConte's children, John and Joseph, became professors at the University of California at Berkley. John became the university's first president. Joseph is remembered for his geological research and as a founder of the Sierra Club. In 1973 Woodmanston was placed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Riceboro     LCHS 1996